Enablers for smart cities by Amal El Fallah Seghrouchni, Fuyuki Ishikawa, Laurent

By Amal El Fallah Seghrouchni, Fuyuki Ishikawa, Laurent H?rault, Hideyuki Tokuda

Smart towns are a brand new imaginative and prescient for city development.  They combine info and conversation know-how infrastructures – within the domain names of man-made intelligence, disbursed and cloud computing, and sensor networks – right into a urban, to facilitate caliber of existence for its voters and sustainable growth.  This publication explores quite a few options for the improvement of those new applied sciences (including agent-oriented programming, broadband infrastructures, instant sensor networks, Internet-based networked purposes, open information and open platforms), and the way they could supply shrewdpermanent prone and enablers in a number public domains.

The most important study, either verified and rising, is introduced jointly to allow lecturers and practitioners to enquire the probabilities of shrewdpermanent towns, and to generate the data and recommendations required to enhance and retain them.

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In many cases, however, this data are not easily accessible from a computer program due to the lack of APIs to fetch them. In this chapter, we propose an architecture for discovering, excavating and streaming the entombed Web content (EWCs) to cope with this problem. This architecture, called Sensorizer, leverages crowd sourcing for accurate EWC discovery, periodic Web scraping with a headless browser for excavation from dynamic webpages and a standardized communication protocol (XMPP) for data streaming for a wide variety of applications.

Unlike existing work on web crawler wrapping, which is supposed to work infrequently for updated webpages, our mechanism is capable of generating datastreams from frequently updated ones. 6. , B HATIA G. , “Sensor Andrew: Large-scale campuswide sensing and actuation”, IBM Journal of Research and Development, vol. 55, nos. 1–2, pp. 6:1–6:14, January 2011. , Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP): Core, Internet RFC 6120, March 2011. , PALLOT M. , “Integrating Living Labs with Future Internet experimental platforms for co-creating services within Smart Cities”, 17th International Conference on Concurrent Enterprising (ICE), pp.

This includes, for example, the density of air pollutants, road traffic conditions and car park occupancy. In many cases, however, this data are not easily accessible from a computer program due to the lack of APIs to fetch them. In this chapter, we propose an architecture for discovering, excavating and streaming the entombed Web content (EWCs) to cope with this problem. This architecture, called Sensorizer, leverages crowd sourcing for accurate EWC discovery, periodic Web scraping with a headless browser for excavation from dynamic webpages and a standardized communication protocol (XMPP) for data streaming for a wide variety of applications.

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