By Mary Gregory
During this study Dr. Gregory examines how Diderot borrowed from Lucretius, Buffon, Maupertuis, and chance concept, and mixed principles from those assets in an leading edge model to hypothesize that species are mutable and that every one lifestyles arose randomly from a unmarried prototype.
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Additional resources for Diderot and the Metamorphosis of Species (Studies in Philosophy)
The passé composé of être, ont été, establishes a time frame in the past. This is done so that there will be a point of reference from which to move, as Diderot wishes to establish movement through time. Originairement in apposition to ont été hyperbolizes it and transports the reader to the first epoch, the time frame that precedes all others. The present tense of être, ils sont establishes a second time frame, that of the present. This is done to establish two distinctly different points in time between which matter (in this case at the magnification of animals) can travel.
Twenty years later Diderot will use literary style again to illustrate the concept of random chance being the governing force of transformism when Diderot tells d’Alembert, “Mais cela va nous écarter de notre première discussion” and d’Alembert replies, “Qu’est-ce que cela fait? ” Here, the digression in the topic of conversation is an iconic representation of the digression that nature takes over time. Having addressed flux, Diderot turns to the other key element in the metamorphosis of species, time.
3. Chaos recurs: le chaos se débrouiller (Letter); la durée hypothétique du chaos (Thought 21). 4. Combinaisons, from the study of games of chance, recurs: Toutes les combinaisons vicieuses de la matière ont disparu (Letter); la somme infinie des combinaisons possibles (Thought 21). 5. The notion of flux recurs: une multitude d’êtres informes (Letter); la multitude des jets (Thought 21). While the event, formally, was molecular interaction, now it is malformed creatures. As he does in Thought 21, Diderot makes mathematics a key theme in the Letter because of its precision, consistency, and reliability.