Christliche Architektur in Ägypten by PETER GROSSMANN.


This can be the 1st finished survey of Christian structure in Egypt from the fourth century as much as early sleek occasions, overlaying not just church structure, but in addition and broadly the construction paintings of pilgrimage facilities, monasteries, cemeteries, defence constructions and personal homes. precise realization is given to development strategy, association of the internal, and liturgical (local) stipulations. With a descriptive catalogue of city and monastic church buildings.

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Nach Eutychios 19 hat derselbe Kaiser auch die nach dem Martyrerbischof Athanasios benannte Kirche in Clysma (Suez) gestiftet, von der jedoch bisher auBer einiger verschleppter Saulenreste nichts gefunden wurde. 20 Theodosius II (408-450) hat den Bau der dritten Kirche des Pachomiosklosters von Pbow finanziell unterstiitzt. 21 Nach einer Notiz des dem Erzbischofjohannes IV (775-789) zugeschriebenen encomium iiber den HI. Menas sollen der Kirche von Abu Mina durch den Kaiser Zeno (474-491) sehr viele Gelder angewiesen worden sein, 22 die doch wohl in den Bau der Kirchen zu investieren waren, doch handelt es sich hierbei urn einen spaten, moglicherweise sogar apokryphen Text, so daB MiBtrauen am Platz ist.

De l'Inst. de Phil. Or. et Slav. 26, 1982, 91-107, bes. 94ff. Abb. 2 Taf. , Al'origine de Ia connaissance du monachisme copte. int. di Egittologia 1-8 settembre 1991, vol. II (Turin 1993) 421-435, bes. 423f. Abb. 3. 46 Dieselbe Ausrichtung war auch fiir die romischen Tempelanlagen der heidnischen Antike bestimmend, Vitruv, de arch. 4,5, I. v. DuHN, Bemerkungen zur Orientierung von Kirchen und Grabern, Archiv J Religionswiss. liturg. , wo auch die Frage der Westung angesprochen wird. 48 W eitere Belege bei L.

PALME, Die officia der Statthalter in der Spatantike, AnTard 7, 1999, 85-133, bes. II Of. 35 Y. MEIMARIS in: P. joNEs-Y. MEIMARIS, Report on the season in Firan-Sinai (February-March 1995), Byz,(9112, 1998, 345-358, bes. 355ff. Taf. 3a. Iust. Nov. 67:2). Klosterkirchen wurden in Agypten wahl in der Regel immer von den Monchen selbst gebaut oder von ihnen selbst, bzw. aus den Klostervermogen finanziert. Das bekannteste Gebaude dieser Art ist die groBe Kirche des Schenuteklosters bei Suhag (Kap. 25 Abb.

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