Advances in Brain Inspired Cognitive Systems: 6th by Wei Zeng, Cong Wang (auth.), Derong Liu, Cesare Alippi,

By Wei Zeng, Cong Wang (auth.), Derong Liu, Cesare Alippi, Dongbin Zhao, Amir Hussain (eds.)

This booklet constitutes the refereed lawsuits of the sixth foreign convention on mind encouraged Cognitive structures, BICS 2013, held in Beijing, China in June 2013. The forty five top quality papers offered have been conscientiously reviewed and chosen from sixty eight submissions. BICS 2013 goals to supply a high-level foreign discussion board for scientists, engineers, and educators to give the cutting-edge of mind encouraged cognitive platforms learn and functions in varied fields.

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Global-only and local-only types of stimuli mapped into positive responses, and neither type of stimuli mapped to negative responses. Only the positive responses were included in analysis. Independent variables were rotation type1 (global rotation vs local rotation) and orientation (0°, 60°, 120° and 180°). Totally 320 trials were constructed. The overall ratio of positive response to negative response was 1: 1. To 1 In the present study, rotation type corresponded to the stimulus type. That was to say, when a global-only type of stimulus was displayed, subjects had to rotate the global aspect of the compound stimulus to some angle to determine whether a yes or no response should be made.

3 In about one-third of the trials (42 trials) a comprehension question was presented two seconds after the last word of the sentence. The following sentence was initiated with pressing button either to answer the comprehension question or to terminate empty blank. A 10-trial practice session preceded the experimental run. The entire session, including electrode application and removal, lasted about 2 hours. 4 EEG Readings Electroencephalograms (EEGs) were recorded from thirty-two electrodes mounted in an electrode cap (Neuroscan Quikcap).

32 Y. Niu and X. 0 years old, range 16-21 years old) participated in this study. All of them were right-handed and had normal or corrected-to-normal vision ability. 29°, separately. Stimuli were divided into three types: "global-only" when just the global letter was normal, "local-only" when just the local letter was normal and “neither” when neither letter was normal. Each level of compound stimuli could be rotated 0°, 60°, 120°or 180°separately. Fig. 1. Samples of stimuli used in present study Subjects had to divide attention across levels of the compound stimuli and decide whether or not a normal letter appeared at either level of a compound stimulus.

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